National Museum of China (NMC)
East side of Tian'anmen Square,16 East Chang'an Avenue, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China.
: at the east side of Tiananmen Square and opposite with the Great Hall of the People
: 390 meters away from Tiananmen Square
You can get a free ticket from the Ticket Office at the West Gate by showing your valid ID(passport).
Subway Line 1 at Tiananmen East Station
Subway Line 2 at Qianmen Station
Bus No.1, 2, 10, 20, 37, 52, 59, 82, 99, 120, 126, 203Night, 205Night, 210Night, 728 at Tiananmen East Bus Station
Bus No.5, 17, 20, 22, 48, 59, 66, 71, 82, 120, 126, 301, 626, 646, 690, 692, 729 at Qianmen Bus Station
Bus No.2, 5, 20, 22, 120, 126, 203Night, 210Night at Tiananmen Square East Bus Station
NMC, an integrated national museum under the Ministry of Culture of China, draws equally from both history and art and is dedicated to its collections, exhibitions, research, archaeology, public education and cultural communication. Its basic functions are cultural relics and artworks collection, exhibition display, public education, history and art research, and cultural communication.
July 9, 1912: The predecessor of the National Museum of China - the Preparatory Office of the National Museum of History - was founded. It was originally located at the Imperial College (Guozijian) in Beijing.
1918: The office was relocated to the Duanmen and Wumen of the Forbidden City.
October 1, 1926: The museum was renamed the National Museum of History and was officially opened to the public.
October, 1949: The museum was renamed the Beijing Museum of History, belonging to the Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China.
March, 1950: The Preparatory Office of the National Museum of Revolution was established. The site was originally at the Beihai Park in Beijing, but soon it moved to Wuyingdian of the Forbidden City.
August, 1958: The meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to begin constructing the National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of Chinese Revolution.
October, 1958: Construction of the two museums on the east side of the Tian'anmen Square began.
August, 1959: The project was completed and became one of the "Ten Great Constructions" for the anniversary of the People's Republic of China.
October 1, 1959: The National Museum of Chinese History launched a public preview of the major exhibition entitled General Chinese History.
September, 1969: The National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of Chinese Revolution merged. It was named the National Museum of Chinese Revolution and History.
Early 1983: The two museums returned to their own separate entities.
February, 2003: The merging of the two museums took place and the National Museum of China was established.
March, 2007: The National Museum of China began its renovation and enlargement project.
December, 2010: The renovation and enlargement project was completed.
March, 2011: The National Museum of China new building re-opened to the public.
The predecessor of the Museum of Chinese History is the Preparatory Office of the Museum of Chinese History, which was founded on July 9, 1912. Upon the founding of the People's Republic of China on Oct 1st , 1949, the museum was renamed the Beijing Museum of History, only to be renamed once again as the National Museum of Chinese History in 1959. The predecessor of the Museum of Chinese Revolution was the Preparatory Office of the National Revolution Museum that was founded in March, 1950, and was given its current name and ten years later.
The National Museum of China is formed from combining the original Museum of the Chinese Revolution and the Museum of Chinese History. In August of 1959, with the completion of new building at east side of Tiananmen Square that housed both museums, it was called one of the Ten Great Constructions built to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the People's Republic of China.
Level -1: permanent exhibition Ancient China, public service areas, Broadcasting Room, Theatre and Lecture Hall.
Level 1: Theatre, Lecture Hall, Experts Building and the museum access.
Level 2: North Galleries, VIP room, South Galleries, the permanent exhibition, The Road of Rejuvenation, public service areas and Central Hall.
Level 3: public services areas, the permanent exhibition The Road of Rejuvenation,
North Galleries and South Galleries.
Level 4: North Galleries, South Galleries, Central Hall 2, and the museum access.
Level 5: Jade Hall, VIP rooms, and public service areas.
Masterpieces of the Collections:
Basin with a fish pattern with a human face
Jar showing a stork with a fish and a stone axe
Guojizibai water vessel (pan)
Da Yu ding
Houmuwu square cauldron
Dragon and tiger vessel
Square vessel (fangzun) with four rams
The present museum has over 200,000 objects dating from the Opium Wars of 1840 onwards to the present day, which formed the basis of the Museum of the Chinese Revolution. Among them are 2,220 First Rank Cultural Objects, forming the greatest modern and contemporary collections of present-day museums in China. These collections reflect the major events and important figures of modern Chinese history, and most especially the Chinese Communist Party's role in leading the democratic and social revolutions of the Chinese people, in the construction of a history of and testimony to the most recent century of progress of the Chinese people.
From March, 2007 to June, 2010, NMC carried out a project to expand the museum such that it covers 192,000 square meters. Today NMC is the largest museum in the world with first class facilities and capabilities. NMC plays an important role in displaying Chinese culture, cultivating national spirit, leading the development of the cultural relics and museum field.
Tuesday - Sunday, 9:00 - 17:00
Closed on Mondays
Tickets issued until 15:30
Last admission at 16:00
I brought my nephew to the National Museum of China. It is free. Patriotic consciousness is very important for kids and young adults and it should be improved. To be a good company, I wore my sports shoes. I still remember the scene when I came to visit during my school year. We bought a souvenir as keepsake.
This is a free scenic spot.
I reserved on the official website a week before I went there.
I wrote the reservation number and changed it into the admission ticket.
There are so many visitors and I spent about 40 minutes to queue up for getting in.
I visited lots of exhibitions like Pure New Zealand Colorful World in the Eyes of Sean Chen, Exhibition for Fan Painting of Ming and Qing Dynasties, Collection of Art Treasury Created by Prestigious Artist, Exhibition of Underwater Archaeological Achievements of the National Museum of China and the Ancient Chinese Porcelain Art. I got a lot! I had no time to watch them one by one. If I had a chance to come to Beijing again, I will come here to enjoy other exhibitions that I missed this time.
Please collect a free ticket with valid ID(passport) at the Ticket Office.
Food and drinks will be inspected to be brought in.
Luggage shall be deposited after security check before visiting.
Controlled knives, lighters, compact discs, dangerous articles, and pets are not allowed.
Please keep your voice down and mute your mobile phone.
Photography is permitted for permanent exhibitions and on regular displays, but no flash or tripod. For temporary exhibitions, please observe signs in the galleries.
Food must be consumed in designated area.
Please do not touch the objects on display.
Please help to keep order and maintain a clean and comfortable environment.
Website of Attraction
Views from Travelers
Really a majestic architecture. The admission ticket will have your name on. Cool!
I've been there twice. And I still think that I shall be there for more times. There are really a lot to visit and enjoy!
I almost cried when visiting the Anti-Japanese War Exhibition. Moving! Worth to go!
I like the Ancient China Exhibition most. I've be there for three times. Many exhibits had existed in the history book. The instructor was really fantastic! It's enjoying!
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1. Self-guide with special software in the phone
2. Volunteer guide
3. Audio guide
4. Full-time instructor
Café: Various coffee, cakes, and hot and cold drinks
Tea Room: Various tea and traditional Chinese tea ceremony Gift Shop Exclusive gifts and souvenirs, replicas, luxury items including jewellery, tea set, and silk scarves
Bookshop: Books about ancient Chinese history, archaeology, art history, and collections
Cloakroom: Hand luggage shall be deposited after security check before entering the museum (costs RMB1)
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