Juyongguan Great Wall
Brief Introduction of Juyongguan Great Wall
Located 20 kilometers north of Changping County, about 60 kilometers from Beijing, Juyongguan Pass is one of the three greatest passes of the Great Wall. Built in a beautiful valley during the period of Ming Dynasty, it played a strategic defense role in ancient times. Around the pass, beautiful flowers and lush trees cover the mountains. The pass was once listed as one of the eight best sceneries in Beijing in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). Buddhist carvings on a stone platform and the "cloud terrace" in the middle of the pass also worth seeing.
The valley where Juyongguan Pass is located in is named Guangou. As early as the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-476BC) and Warring States Period (476BC-221BC), Yan State built fortifications here. The name "Juyong" in Chinese means "a place of poor laborers". The name "Juyongguan"(Juyong Pass) was first used in the Qin Dynasty, when Emperor Qinshihuang forced many conscripts to build Great Wall on this area. It was used by more than three dynasties. In the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589), Juyongguan pass was connected to the Great Wall. It had been served as a natural barrier in the Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties. The present pass was built in the Ming Dynasty, and was renovated several times later. In 1644, Li Zicheng, a peasant general entered Beijing city from here and overthrew the Ming Dynasty. In 1987, Juyongguan Pass was enlisted in the World Heritage Directory. The pass was renovated in 1992 and 2000, and opened to the public in 1998 .
1. Juyongguan Pass is closed circular with a perimeter of 4,142 meters. It has two gates: one in south, one in the north, respectively called "Nan Kou" and "Badaling".
2. Width and height have great variation. The widest section is 16.7 meters and the narrowest is 1.2 meters. The Dongshan section is 370 meters higher than the Hetao Sections. The outer wall is called crenel wall and the inner wall is called parapet. The crenel wall is higher than parapet, which can can effectively fight against the enemy.
3. Construction structure has great diversity. Some parts of the base were built with Granite, some were built with stone fragments and some were built with bricks, which shows they were built in different times.
4. The range of military defense is wide, covering the surrounding area of 50 hectares. The linear distance from the east peak to the west peak is 1150 meters. The defence building include arched city, city towers, water gates, locks, watchtowers, beacon towers, corner towers and forts.
Juyongguan Great Wall Map
Beijingservice team designed Juyongguan Great Wall map andJuyongguan Great Wall tour map. Juyongguan Great Wall map show you the layout of beacon tower. Juyongguan Great Wall tour map show you the flow of Juyongguan Great Wall tour.
In the middle of the Juyongguan Pass, there is a high platform made of white marble. It was built in 1342 during the Yuan Dynasty. Originally three white pagodas were built on the platform, called "Crossing Street Towers", which were destroyed in the early Ming Dynasty. Later, a temple was built on the site, named "Tai'an Temple". The temple burnt down in a fire and only the platform remained. The platform is 9.5 meters high and 25 meters wide. There is an arch doorway in it. Buddhist images and symbols were carved on the sides and the top of the arch doorway. The images are lifelike, with Buddhist sutras and conjurations in six different languages. Because of its historical value and elegant crafting, the Cloud Platform was included on the list of World Cultural Heritage in 1987.
Built in 1504 and restored in 1792, Mashen Temple is dedicated to worship the God of Horse. Horses were needed in the war. The God of Horse can bless the horses heathy and combat-capable.
Logistics Office is was one of the important military logistics safeguard facilities in Juyong Pass during the Ming Dynasty（1368-1644)．There is a a hall in the center, a double-gate in the front and bedrooms at the back. The wing rooms were used as living rooms for junior officers．
Die Cui Library
Die Cui Library was renovated from a hall of Tai'an Temple in 1514. It took its name from the verdant mountain peaks opposite. The whole structure is brick and wood, in the Su-format of color painting. There are altogether 16 rooms. The middle room is used for confucian scholars to hold discussions. The others are all bedrooms of teachers and students. 54 classical books were collected in the library for reading.
Shen Ji Armory
Shen Ji Armory is a storehouse built in 1449 during the Ming Dynasty. It is one of the most important military logistics safeguard facilities in Juyong Pass. Besides armors, swords and spears, fire arms and guns were also stored here.
Built in 1425, Zhenwu Temple is dedicated to worship Zhenwu, a taoist immortal. It was said that Xuda, a famous general in the Ming Dynasty, got assistance of Zhenwu during his northern expedition. So Zhenwu Temple was built.
City God Temple
Buit in 1368, City God Temple is the largest temple in Juyong Pass. It is dedicated to worship the patron gods of the city. The figures of Town God, Hades, mountain God, and the Earth God are enshrined in the temple.
The other attractions include Pledge Allegiance Temple, Guan Yu Temple, and etc.
1. Take the Subway Line 13 to Longze Station, then take the bus No.68 of Changping District to Juyongguan Pass.
2. Take bus No.345 (fast line) from Deshengmen Station to Shahe Station, then take the bus No.68 of Changping District to Juyongguan Pass.
. Take bus No.883 from Deshengmen Station to Nankou East Street Station, then take the bus No.68 of Changping District to Juyongguan Pass.
4. Rent a car directly. It is the most convenient way.
45RMB for adult (from April 1 to October 31)
40RMB for adult (from November 1 to March 31)
25RMB for children (from April 1 to October 31)
22.5RMB for children (from November 1 to March 31)
08:00—17:00 (from April 1 to October 31)
08:30—16:00 (from November 1 to March 31)
Hotel near Juyongguan Pass
At the foot of the Juyongguan Juyongguan Pass of Great Wall, there is a four star hotel, Juyongguan Great Wall Hotel. The hotel is a courtyard hotel with ancient architecture style. It has 94 deluxe guestrooms of different types for your choice.
The restaurant in the Juyongguan Great Wall Hotel specializing in both Chinese and Western cuisines can serve 300 people simultaneously. Juxianju Restaurant in the scenic spot offers authentic peasant food.
Tours Includes Juyong Guan Great Wall
Xingang Beijing One Day Tour
Beijing One Day Tour